Although the United States is rightly preoccupied with the threat of Islamist terrorism, Iran’s nuclear program, Iraq and the war in Afghanistan, many of America’s top strategic thinkers believe that America’s greatest challenge in the decades to come will be the rise of China. With its expanding economy and increasing military strength, China is positioning itself to challenge the United States in Asia and, in time, globally.
The Rise of China is a collection of essays about the nature of that challenge and what the U.S. and its allies might do in the areas of foreign and defense affairs to meet it. Contributing authors Michael R. Auslin, Dan Blumenthal, Ellen Bork, Nicholas Eberstadt, Robert Kagan, Gary J. Schmitt, and Ashley J. Tellis describe China’s likely ambitions, the possible policy responses of the U.S. and nations in the region, and the unique problems posed to China’s rise by its own demographic problems and by a democratic Taiwan.
Although China has been a cautious power to date, its leaders continue to see the international scene as fundamentally one of competition. And this perspective is unlikely to change until the regime itself changes. It is this China, the authors of The Rise of China argue, that the U.S. and its allies will be dealing with for some time to come.